Finnish society nokia was best known for its pioneering role in the field of mobile telephony. In the early 1980s, the company built the first mobile network and introduced several innovative cell phones. Since 2013, Nokia’s mobile phone business has come under Microsoft’s control, and the focus has been on network infrastructure and navigation services. A brief history of the Nokia company.
Founded around a pulp mill
The foundations of the company were laid in 1865 on the bank of a Finnish river, where the mining engineer Fredrik Idestam ran a pulp mill making paper. A few years later, he moved his business to the city of Nokia. It was there, in 1871, that he founded the company Nokia AB. This company was located near the river Nokianvirta and offered Idestam the possibility of using the hydraulic energy of the river.
The first eighty years of the Nokia company, from 1865 to 1945, don’t offer much content. It was only in the second half of the twentieth century that the company became a major player on the international market.
Significant merger in 1967
From the 1960s, Nokia became a successful business. This is partly because during the Cold War Nokia chose to trade with both Western Europe and the Soviet Union. A big step was taken in 1967, when Nokia AB merged with two other Finnish companies: Finnish Rubber Works and Finnish Cable Works. From then on, this merged trio is called Nokia Corporation. The company was involved in all kinds of activities: trading in rubber, telephones and telegraph cables, trading in electronics (televisions and computers), power generation, forestry and papermaking.
When Kari Kairamo took over the company in 1974, Nokia Corporation became an international conglomerate. Towards the end of the 1970s, Nokia entered the buoyant sector of mobile telephony.
Development of Nokia mobile phones (1982-2007)
As early as 1946, the first car phones that could call from fixed networks appeared on the market in the United States. In 1964 there were approximately 1.5 million car telephones in the United States.
Nokia was not the first company to succeed in making GSM. It wasn’t until 1991 that Nokia did. The society Motorolain the person of inventor Martin Cooper, made the world’s first mobile phone call
The year 1981 marked a turning point in the history of mobile telephony. Nokia has taken the initiative to build the world’s first international mobile phone network, the Nordic Mobile Telephone Network. It was thus possible to make mobile calls between Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland. In 1982, Nokia launched its first car phone, the Mobira Senator. It wasn’t the first car phone, it had been around for quite some time.
At the beginning of the 1990s, Nokia decided to concentrate solely on the manufacture of mobile phones and communication systems and sold the other branches of the company.
During those same years, Nokia introduced the first true pocket-sized mobile phones, and in the mid-1990s the Nokia brand experienced its greatest achievement. The Finnish company introduced the models of the 2100 series on the market in 1994. The 2100 series is a series of revolutionary telephones for the time; they are also the first phones with the famous Nokia ringtone.
In 1998, Nokia was the largest producer of mobile phones in the world. The company maintained its leading position in the telephone market until 2012. With the Nokia 6650the company achieved a first in 2002. This mobile phone was the first phone 3G in the world. In terms of turnover and workforce, Nokia reached its peak in 2007 and 2010 respectively, with a profit of more than 7 billion in 2007 and 51 billion in turnover.
Nokia was hugely successful throughout the 90s and into the early 21st century, and the company is releasing one blockbuster phone after another. The phones all have a very sleek design and offer plenty of features. In fact, there are hardly any better phones on the market and Nokia seems to have a golden future ahead of it.
Collaboration with Siemens, Microsoft and Alcatel (2007-present)
Around 2007, a number of phones appeared on the market that had more to offer than Nokia phones in several respects. These new phones, like the Iphone and the phones android, are all smartphones that use very advanced operating systems. Nokia struggles to compete with this.
In mid-2007, Nokia established a joint venture with the electronics group Siemens. The companies have grouped together their equipment production departments for fixed and mobile networks. This collaboration took shape under the name of Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN).
In 2011, Microsoft and Nokia began working closely together. The first result of the cooperation between the two large companies was the Windows Phone Lumia 800, which received good reviews. At the beginning of September 2013, almost all of Nokia’s mobile branch moved to Microsoft. And in April 2014, the Nokia brand name also changed to Microsoft-Mobile.
After the acquisition by Microsoft, the company continued in a reduced form. Since then, she has focused on network infrastructure, navigation devices and technological innovation. In 2016, the acquisition of the French company Alcatel Lucent saw the light of day, doubling the size of Nokia.
The refusal of the Finnish company to adopt radical changes when it was most needed is probably the main reason for the fall of nokia. The company took far too long to embrace the smartphone revolution, and when it did, it made far too many errors in its strategy. However, that doesn’t take away from the fact that Nokia remains an important part of the history of the mobile telephony which will never be forgotten.